A Collection of Quartermaster Records 
of the Second SC Cavalry Regiment

 

I. Formation of the Second SC Cavalry Regiment
II. Extracts from Quartermaster Records, 2nd SC Cavalry
III. Conclusions




I. Formation of the Second South Carolina Cavalry
 

Easley's Battalion

The 4th Battalion SC Cav was incorporated with the Legion Cavalry under Special Order 196, dated August 22, 1862. The companies were organized as follows:

Co. A, 4th Battalion. became.     Co. F, 2nd SC Cav
Co. B                                         Co. C
Co. C                                         Co. E
Co. D                                         Co. D


The Fourth Battalion, commanded by W.K. Easley, Major. the Hampton Legion Cavalry, and independent companies of Capt. Boykin and T.J. Lipscomb were thus organized as the Second.

Commanding Captains of the Fourth Battalion were:

Co A, John Westfield
Co B, Frank Hampton
Co C, Alvin Dean
Co D, J. C. McKewn


Located near Mt. Pleasant in April of 1862, Co. C of the Battalion was equipped with 61 sabers and belts, some described as "inferior'. Also supplied were pistol holsters and valises. Taking this into account, it is possible these accessories were part of a state issue of 1847 Dragoon saddles. or "Grimsleys". Co. C. of the Battalion also ordered 150 pairs of boots while in Mt. Pleasant.

John Meighan, who became captain of Co. C of the 2nd began his career as 1 LT. of Co B under Frank Hampton.
 
 

Hampton Legion Cavalry Battalion

The Hampton Legion Cavalry companies, when reorganized, became thus:

Co A, Legion Cavalry became            Co I, 2nd SC Cavalry
Co B                                                  Co K
Co C                                                  Co B
Co D                                                  Co H


Legion Cavalry commanded by:

Co A. Hampton Legion                     Captain M.C. Butler
"Edgefield Hussars"                           Capt. Jeramiah Bunch
                                                         Captain Tillman Clark

Co B                                                 Captain John F. Lanneau
"Brooks Troop"                                 Captain Leonard Williams

Co C                                                 Captain Thomas E. Screven
"Beaufort District Troop"

Co D                                                 Captain Thomas Taylor
"Congaree Troop"                              Captain James P. Macfie


Co D, also known as the Congaree Troop, left Columbia on 17 July, 1861, heading for Ashland, Virginia, and were adequately clothed and armed with a saber and pair of "Horse single barrel pistols."

Colonel T.J. Lipscomb, who originally commanded the Bonham Light Dragoons that merged with the other companies to form the Second, ordered these items below on 21 July, 1864, while commanding the regiment near Mt. Pleasant. It is quite obvious that saddles were in need of refurbishing after the numerous battles during the Summer before. The state of South Carolina had at one time issued the 1847 Dragoon or Grimsley saddle to members of the Hampton Legion according to the papers of Adj. James Washington Moore, but it is improbable that many remained by the time these items were ordered. As follows:

100 Saddles-cavalry
100 Bridles-cavalry
100 Halters-cavalry
100 Martingales-cavalry
100 Cruppers-cavalry
100 Saddle bags-cavalry


The Second South Carolina Cavalry had just returned from Virginia during this time for rest and recoupment. Severely worn by hard service during the battles of Brandy Station and Gettysburg, the commanding colonel, Col. Lipscomb, sought to replenish the thinned ranks with eager recruits and new armaments. The following extract details the items the regiment turned over to the South Carolina government in exchange for fresh weapons. These items were probably deemed inferior, or most likely, were just worn through hard and constant service,

"Ord. stores turned over by Col. Lipscomb"
June 30, 1864. (SC)
3 S.B. (presumably smoothbore) muskets cal. 69 
3 rifles, Enfield cal. 58 
3 Austrian (also known as Austrian Lorentz) rifles cal. 54 
168 bayonets
104 bayonet scabbards
102 waist belts
2000 musket cartridges cal. 69
12 packing boxes


It can be inferred by examining this that prior to this date the Second possessed a wide array of arms. Maintaining a standard arm was no easy task, and often one company would have an ordnance request for 6 to 8 different types of cartridges. Through the examination of muster records of many of the captains of the Second, a general assumption on the general appearance of the regiment can be gleaned.

First and foremost, uniforms generally came from direct state or CS Quartermaster issue. By at least mid-1862, most of the individual company uniforms of the Second had essentially disappeared. One uniform generally could last upwards of 6-8 months of hard service. With this, there are substantial records of CS Quartermaster issues to the Second, specifically the Richmond Depot type I & II jackets. (Descriptions of jackets will be later in document)

Through examining the orders and requisitions below, one can see that the Second had a fondness for rifles and Enfield muskets. Carbines were generally in short supply from state arsenals, and many troop commanders chose to arm their men with any arms available. Many times these were single and double barrel shotguns brought from home in the early days of the war. As time progressed, and a need for more long range weapons presented itself, these commanders turned to the most accessible arms, specifically the rifles used to equip the Confederate infantry.


II. Extracts from Second South Carolina Cavalry 
Orders and Requisitions

T.J. Lipscomb ordering and receiving from QM Dept. at Culpepper C.H.:
May 20, 1863 (VA)
29 tent flies

Also:
3 Cavalry Bugles @$45 ea.=$135
Money accepted by 1 NC Cav. Lt. Wm. White

Cpt. James Macfie ordered these items near Georgetown while commanding Co. H & K:

Dec. 15, 1864
10 pr shoes
3 jackets (Charleston Depot)
6 pr pants
1 blanket
1 tent fly

Mar. 31, 1864
1 mess pan
1 tent fly
1 spider with lid
Marked "For use by enlisted men of Co. H"

Oct. 1, 1863 (Received in Richmond)
3 jackets (Type 11)
3 pr pants

Delivered to Cpt Macfie's company, at Orange C.H., Virginia:
Nov. 21, 1863,
8 pr pants
1 cap
5 cotton shirts
1 wool shirt
7 pr drawers
11 pr socks
12 pr shoes
6 overcoats
2 blankets
1 fly tent
I tent fly
1 axe

Ordered and received at Spottsylvania C.H., Va.
Dec. 30, 1863
3 jackets
4 pr pants
9 pr drawers
12 shirts
2 caps

Issued at Camp Jackson. Georgetown, SC:
June 22, 1864
21 Austrian rifles
34 Mississippi rifles
60 cartridge boxes
60 cap boxes
60 shoulder belts
55 waist belts
40 halters-cavalry
78 saddle blankets-moss
56 saddles - cavalry
6000 rifle cartridges cal. 54 with caps
1000 rifle cartridges cal. 58 with caps
1200 military percussion caps
12 packing boxes

Georgetown, SC:
May 7, 1864
12 cavalry sabers
12 saber belts
43 cavalry bridles
2000 rifle cartridges cal. 54 with caps
3 packing boxes

Stating "have received no clothing in present year," Lt. Michael A. Markert of Co. I ordered and received:
Aug. 1864
67 jackets
67 pr pants
52 pr drawers

January 31, 1864
4 axes
2 tents
6 curry combs
2 buckets

Cpt. Meighan ordered and received the following items while stationed in Va. & SC:
Nov. 21, 1863 (VA)
1 pr drawers
1 cap
2 wool shirts
2 pr English shoes
2 cotton shirts
3 overcoats
3 pr pants
2 wall tents
1 tent fly
2 axes

June 6, 1864 (SC)
10 jackets
21 cotton shirts
13 pr trousers
1 flannel shirt
6 pr drawers
10 pr socks

Dec. 30, 1863 (VA)
3 jackets
5 pr pants
10 pr drawers
9 shirts
1 cap

June 7, 1864 (SC)
1 wall tent, "for use by officers of Co C."

Jan 31, 1864 (SC)
7 pr shoes
10 pr pants
5 jackets
4 pr socks
2 blankets
3 overcoats
6 cotton shirts
2 pr drawers
1 fly tent

Nov. 21, 1863 (VA)
13 pr shoes
3 blankets
9 pr drawers
14 pr socks
1 fly tent
12 pr pants
6 cotton shirts
3 wool shirts
9 overcoats
1 tent fly

3rd Qtr 1864 (SC)
22 trousers
22 jackets
36 shirts
36 pr drawers
34 shoes 30 pr socks
5 blankets

Lt. Wm. Mickler of the famed "Iron Scouts" ordered and received:
Aug. 5, 1864 (SC)
30 shirts
46 pr drawers
22 jackets
42 pr pants

Adj. James W. Moore ordered and received:
Sept. 30, 1864
12 jackets
10 pr pants
12 pr drawers
12 shirts

Capt. George Dean of Co. E was issued:
Nov. 21, 1863 (VA)
2 axes
7 cotton shirts
1 wool shirt
9 pr drawers
13 pr socks
8 overcoats
16 pr shoes
3 blankets
1 fly tent
1 tent fly

On June 30, 1864, Cpt Dean was detailed to inspect the Stono Scouts near Georgetown. He stated they were equipped with Enfield rifles and Colt's revolvers.

Likewise, on Aug. 27, 1864, he ordered and received from the Charleston Depot:
52 jackets
53 pr pants
49 cotton shirts
52 pr drawers

Captain J. W. Gary of Co. G ordered and received
June 24, 1864
30 Austrian rifles cal. 54
30 cartridge boxes (marked "infantry")
40 cap boxes
30 shoulder belts
40 waist belts
14 cavalry halters
45 saddle blankets-moss
45 cavalry bridles
4000 cartridges cal. 54

May 7, 1864 (SC)
7 long Enfield rifles
6 Mississippi rifles
25 cavalry sabers
25 saber belts
25 cartridge boxes
22 shoulder belts
30 cavalry saddles
750 cartridges cal. 58
640 cartridges cal. 54
920 Military percussion caps
500 pistol caps
600 cartridges Colt Navy pistols
6 packing boxes

Jan 31, 1864 (SC)
19 pr shoes
9 jackets
19 pr pants
1 overcoat
1 socks
1 drawers
3 cotton shirts
1 blanket
1 cap
2 tent flys
2 axes

Nov. 21, 1863 (Orange C.H., VA)
5 blankets
31 pr shoes
22 pr pants
17 cotton shirts
1 wool shirt
35 pr socks
18 overcoats
2 axes
2 tent flys


III. Conclusions

These documents, however piecemeal, show a general view of the common trooper in the Second. Several surprising points do present themselves. First are the widespread issuance of shoes to this regiment. Secondly, even while in Virgina, rifles of different caliber were being utilized along with standard infantry equipage. Sabers were obviously used in conjunction with saber belts. but several sources do describe their attachment to the saddle. All together, the trooper of the Second certainly acted in many roles: from light cavalryman to mounted infantryman, owing specifically to the flexibility of his commanders to be dynamic in any combat situation. As a general view by crunching issued equipment numbers, a general outline appears as such:
 

Jackets -

Early War-individualized company uniforms
Mid War-Richmond Depot I & 11 jackets
Late War-Charleston Depot jackets

Trousers -

Captured Federal sky-blue mounted
CS issue sky-blue infantry
Civilian trousers
Gray trousers

Headgear -

Black felt-company uniform for many cavalry companies
Sgt. William Perry of the Brooks Troop states in letters home that the adopted company hat was the black slouch.
Caps - dark blue & gray

Footwear -

Captured Federal boots
CS made boots
Civilian boots
CS issue shoes

Arms -

Pistols
Single-shot "horseman's pistols"
Colt Navy revolvers
Captured Federal revolvers
"Flint and Steel" pistols (flintlock), surprisingly ordered by many troop commanders early in the war

Carbines -

Hall 1833 carbine - breech loader
US 1847 smoothbore carbine
Double and single barrel shotguns
Smooth bore muskets 69 cal.
Enfield rifles and rifled muskets
Enfield musketoons / carbines
Austrian-Lorentz rifles
Mississippi rifles
Captured Federal carbines
Richmond manufactured carbines & CS Sharps carbines

Sabers -

1840 heavy Dragoon
1860 US light cavalry
Straight edged swords-similar to Hampton's and J.G. Graham's

Horse Equipage -

1847 Grimsley / Dragoon saddle
CS Jennifer saddle
US McClellan saddle
CS manufactured McClellan saddle-black and russet
Civilian plantation saddles

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