TENT AND TRENCH
Appendix B

NON-DIVISIONAL TROOPS CHART


The following troops were organized or stationed at Camp Wadsworth, but were not a part of any division.  They were sent overseas and attached to whichever American Army or Corps most needed them.
  


Skeletonized New York National Guard Regiments Reorganized as Pioneer Infantry


1st Pioneer Infantry
: Formerly 1st New York Infantry.  Composed of 19 officers and 278 enlisted men after reorganization.  Commanded by Colonel James S. Boyer and filled to wartime strength with draftees.  The regiment left Camp Wadsworth on July 1st with 3483 officers and men. 

2nd Pioneer Infantry: Formerly 14th New York Infantry.  Composed of 23 officers and 257 enlisted men after reorganization.  Commanded by Colonel James R. Howlett and filled to wartime strength with draftees.  The regiment left Camp Wadsworth on June 25th with 3479 officers and men. 

51st Pioneer Infantry: Formerly 10th New York Infantry.  Composed of 39 officers and 904 enlisted men after reorganization.  Commanded by Colonel J. Guy Deming and filled to wartime strength with draftees.  The regiment left Camp Wadsworth on July 17th with 3545 officers and men. 

52nd Pioneer Infantry: Formerly 12th New York Infantry.  Composed of 20 officers and 287 enlisted men after reorganization.  Commanded by Colonel R. L. Foster and filled to wartime strength with draftees.  The regiment left Camp Wadsworth on July 27th with 3548 officers and men.

53rd Pioneer Infantry: Formerly 47th New York Infantry.  Composed of 31 officers and 927 enlisted men after reorganization.  Commanded by Colonel Chas. H. Englesby and filled to wartime strength with draftees.  The regiment left Camp Wadsworth on July 30th with 3549 officers and men.

54th Pioneer Infantry: Formerly 71st New York Infantry.  Composed of 18 officers and 183 enlisted men after reorganization.  Commanded by Colonel W. G. Bates and filled to wartime strength with draftees.  The regiment left Camp Wadsworth on August 20th with 3551 officers and men.

55th Pioneer Infantry: Formerly 74th New York Infantry.  Composed of 18 officers and 172 enlisted men after reorganization.  Commanded by Colonel Arthur Kemp and filled to wartime strength with draftees.  The regiment left Camp Wadsworth on September 3rd with 3548 officers and men.


Skeletonized New England National Guard Regiments Reorganized as Pioneer Infantry


3rd Pioneer Infantry
: Formerly 5th Massachusetts Infantry.  Arrived at Camp Wadsworth from Camp Greene on February 8, 1918, with 35 officers and 559 enlisted men.  Commanded by Colonel Willis W. Stover and filled to wartime strength with draftees.  The regiment left Camp Wadsworth on August 17th with 3553 officers and men.

4th Pioneer Infantry: Formerly 6th Massachusetts Infantry.  Arrived at Camp Wadsworth from Camp Greene on February 9, 1918, with 15 officers and 279 enlisted men.  Commanded by Colonel Holton B. Perkins and filled to wartime strength with draftees.  The regiment left Camp Wadsworth on September 17-18th with 3531 officers and men. 

5th Pioneer Infantry: Formerly 8th Massachusetts Infantry.  Arrived at Camp Wadsworth from Camp Greene on February 7, 1918, with 24 officers and 409 enlisted men.  Never sent overseas.  Demobilized at Camp Wadsworth in January of 1919.

56th Pioneer Infantry: Formerly 1st Heavy Maine Field Artillery.  Arrived at Camp Wadsworth from Camp Greene on February 18, 1918, with 45 officers and 741 enlisted men.  Commanded by Colonel Arthur Ballentine and filled to wartime strength with draftees.  The regiment left Camp Wadsworth on August 30th with 3550 officers and men.

57th Pioneer Infantry: Formerly 1st Vermont Infantry.  Arrived at Camp Wadsworth from Camp Greene on February 10, 1918, with 29 officers and 481 enlisted men.  Commanded by Colonel Fred B. Thomas and filled to wartime strength with draftees.  The regiment left Camp Wadsworth on September 23rd with 3430 officers and men.

58th Pioneer Infantry: Formerly 1st Connecticut Infantry.  Arrived at Camp Wadsworth on February 20, 1918, with 28 officers and 169 enlisted men.  Never sent overseas.  Demobilized at Camp Wadsworth in January of 1919.


Pioneer Regiments Organized from Scratch at Camp Wadsworth

 

60th Pioneer Infantry: Organized July of 1918.  The 8th Pennsylvania National Guard Band was assigned to this regiment.  Never sent overseas.  Demobilized in  January of 1919 at Camp Wadsworth.

61st Pioneer Infantry: Organized July of 1918.  The 13th Pennsylvania National Guard Band was assigned to this regiment.  Never sent overseas.  Demobilized in January of 1919 at Camp Wadsworth.

62nd Pioneer Infantry: Organized July of 1918.  The 5th Missouri National Guard Band was assigned to this regiment.  Never sent overseas.  Demobilized in January of 1919 at Camp Wadsworth.


Anti-Aircraft Machine Gun Battalions Organized at Camp Wadsworth

 

1st Anti-Aircraft Machine Gun Battalion: Organized January of 1918.  Commanded by Major H. D. Cushing.  Left Camp Wadsworth on April 20-21 with a strength of 764 officers and men.

2nd Anti-Aircraft Machine Gun Battalion: Organized January of 1918.  Commanded by Major Orville J. Whitney.  Left Camp Wadsworth on June 24th with a strength of 764 men.

3rd Anti-Aircraft Machine Gun Battalion: Organized January of 1918.  Commanded by Major Gilbert V. Schenck.  Left Camp Wadsworth on July 8th with a strength of 764 officers and men..

4th Anti-Aircraft Machine Gun Battalion: Organized July of 1918.  Commanded by Major O. J. Crane.  Left Camp Wadsworth on August 23rd with a strength of 764 officers and men.

5th Anti-Aircraft Machine Gun Battalion: Organized July of 1918.  Commanded by Major George O. Webber.  Left Camp Wadsworth on September 22nd with a strength of 763 officers and men.

6th Anti-Aircraft Machine Gun Battalion: Organized October of 1918.  Never sent overseas.  Demobilized in January of 1919 at Camp Wadsworth.


Field Signal Battalions

 

316th Field Signal Battalion: Arrived at Camp Wadsworth on May 28, 1918.  Under the command of Major Lindsley R. Elkins, the unit was trained and filled to authorized strength.  It left Camp Wadsworth on July 9th with a strength of 484 officers and men.

326th Field Signal Battalion: Arrived at Camp Wadsworth with skeletonized New England Regiments coming from Camp Greene, North Carolina.  The unit was organized at Camp Wadsworth from Company A, Connecticut Radio Company and Company B, New Hampshire Wire Company.  Commanded by Major Clyde V. Simpson, the battalion left Camp Wadsworth on August 7th with 487 officers and men.


Corps Artillery Parks Organized at Camp Wadsworth

 

3rd Corps Artillery Park: Organized July of 1918.  Commanded by Major Robert C. Johnson, the unit left Camp Wadsworth on August 24th with 1286 officers and men.

4th Corps Artillery Park: Organized July of 1918.  Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Fred A. Prince, the unit left Camp Wadsworth on August 30th with 1282 officers and men.

5th Corps Artillery Park: Organized August of 1918.  Commanded by Major John N. Hauser, the unit left Camp Wadsworth on September 16th with 1260 officers and men.

6th Corps Artillery Park: Organized September of 1918.  Never sent overseas.  Demobilized in January of 1919 at Camp Wadsworth.

8th Corps Artillery Park: Organized October of 1918.  Never sent overseas.  Demobilized in January of 1919 at Camp Wadsworth.


Labor Battalions

 

330th Labor Battalion, Q.M.C.:  Organized at Camp Jackson, this unit arrived at Camp Wadsworth on June 23rd and July 12th with 1178 officers and men.  Commanded by Captain D. R. Wilcox, the battalion left Camp Wadsworth on August 30th with 1247 officers and men.

422nd Reserve Labor Battalion, Q. M.C.: Known to have been stationed at Camp Wadsworth.


Medical Units

 

Base Hospital #56: Originally organized at Camp Greenleaf, Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia.  Transferred to Camp Wadsworth on June 28th with 1 officer and 22 enlisted men.  The unit was filled to wartime strength, trained, and took overseas examinations at Camp Wadsworth.  Under the command of Major George M. Coates, the unit left Camp Wadsworth on August 22nd with 236 officers and men.

Base Hospital #134 and #135: Originally organized at Camp Greenleaf, Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia.  Transferred to Camp Wadsworth on September 11th with 2 officers and 100 enlisted men.  The unit was filled to wartime strength, trained, and took overseas examinations at Camp Wadsworth.  It does not appear to have been sent overseas.   

Evacuation Hospital #35: Originally organized at Camp Greenleaf, Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia.  Transferred to Camp Wadsworth on September 10th with 2 officers and 100 enlisted men.  The unit was filled to wartime strength, trained, and took overseas examinations at Camp Wadsworth.  It does not appear to have been sent overseas.

Medical Replacement Unit #24: Stationed at Camp Wadsworth.  Commanded by Captain William A. Smith, the unit left Camp Wadsworth on September 7th with 255 officers and men.

Medical Replacement Unit #25: Stationed at Camp Wadsworth.  Commanded by Captain William T. Elam, the unit left Camp Wadsworth on September 7th with 255 officers and men.

 


Other Units

 

15th New York Infantry: African-American National Guard unit sent to train at Camp Wadsworth in October of 1917.  Forced to leave due to rising racial tensions.
 
Slavic Legion: Unit mainly composed of ethnic Czechs, Slovaks, and Ukrainians.  Organized in late 1918, it reached a top strength of 1 officer and 125 men.  It was demobilized at Camp Wadsworth in January of 1919.



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